Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Circulation. 2008 Apr 29;117(17):2184-91. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.701243. Epub 2008 Apr 21.

Risk factors for aborted cardiac arrest and sudden cardiac death in children with the congenital long-QT syndrome.

Author information

  • 1Cardiology Division of the Department of Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. Ilan.Goldenberg@heart.rochester.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The congenital long-QT syndrome (LQTS) is an important cause of sudden cardiac death in children without structural heart disease. However, specific risk factors for life-threatening cardiac events in children with this genetic disorder have not been identified.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Cox proportional-hazards regression modeling was used to identify risk factors for aborted cardiac arrest or sudden cardiac death in 3015 LQTS children from the International LQTS Registry who were followed up from 1 through 12 years of age. The cumulative probability of the combined end point was significantly higher in boys (5%) than in girls (1%; P<0.001). Risk factors for cardiac arrest or sudden cardiac death during childhood included corrected QT interval [QTc] duration > 500 ms (hazard ratio [HR]; 2.72; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50 to 4.92; P=0.001) and prior syncope (recent syncope [< 2 years]: HR, 6.16; 95% CI 3.41 to 11.15; P<0.001; remote syncope [> or = 2 years]: HR, 2.67; 95% CI, 1.22 to 5.85; P=0.01) in boys, whereas prior syncope was the only significant risk factor among girls (recent syncope: HR, 27.82; 95% CI, 9.72 to 79.60; P<0.001; remote syncope: HR, 12.04; 95% CI, 3.79 to 38.26; P<0.001). Beta-blocker therapy was associated with a significant 53% reduction in the risk of cardiac arrest or sudden cardiac death (P=0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

LQTS boys experience a significantly higher rate of fatal or near-fatal cardiac events than girls during childhood. A QTc duration > 500 ms and a history of prior syncope identify risk in boys, whereas prior syncope is the only significant risk factor among girls. Beta-blocker therapy is associated with a significant reduction in the risk of life-threatening cardiac events during childhood.

Comment in

PMID:
18427136
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3944375
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (3)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk