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Am J Surg. 2008 May;195(5):702-4. doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2007.11.007.

Equine-related injury: a retrospective analysis of outcomes over a 10-year period.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma/Critical Care, University of Cincinnati, 231 Albert B. Sabin Way, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0828, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Morbidity and financial loss caused by equine-related injuries may be significant. The purposes of this study were to determine the patterns of equine-related injury and the impact on outcomes.

METHODS:

A 10-year retrospective review of equine-related injuries was performed. Age, gender, mechanism, injury severity score, Glasgow Coma Score, length of stay, surgical interventions, and mortality were assessed.

RESULTS:

Of 80 emergency department evaluations, 76 patients were admitted and form the basis of this study. The most frequent mechanism of injury was fall (68%), followed by crush injuries (15%), kicks (8%), and trampling (5%). Musculoskeletal injuries were most common (64%). Thirty-eight (50%) patients required surgical intervention. Thirty-seven (52%) patients were discharged home; 34% required outpatient physical therapy, and 14% required inpatient rehabilitation. The mortality rate was 7%.

CONCLUSIONS:

Equine-related injuries resulted in significant morbidity; most victims required outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation. The use of preventive strategies may minimize mortality and reduce the financial impact of postinjury morbidity.

PMID:
18424291
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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