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Environ Monit Assess. 2009 Apr;151(1-4):251-8. doi: 10.1007/s10661-008-0266-x. Epub 2008 Apr 16.

Assessing the performance of wastewater treatment with the combination of Fenton and ferrite process.

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  • 1Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung City, 804, Taiwan.


Industrial wastewater typically contains various metal ions. Traditional metal ion treatment processes such as chemical precipitation generate large volumes of toxic sludge which needs to be further solidified or disposed of. The ferrite process (FP), which is another effective approach of treating metal ion-containing wastewater, can crystallize metal ions into ferrites; the sludge easily precipitates, is stable and can be recycling. This investigation explores the feasibility of the Fenton process and the FP (FFP) for treating wastewater that contains metal ions. It considers one factor that adds noise to the FP, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, and establishes the optimum parameters of each procedure. The analytical results demonstrate that the proper conditions for Fenton process were pH = 2, [Fe(2+)] = 10(-2) M, H(2)O(2) dosing rate = 5 x 10(-4) mol min(-1), reaction time = 12 min. For the proposed multi-stage FP, the preferred Fe(2+) dosage was 0.098 mol in each stage and the sludge met the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure standards. Following the FFP, the effluent water or the sludge easily met Taiwan's standards. Finally, the SEM test demonstrated that size of the sludge particles was 50-110 nm.

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