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South Med J. 2008 May;101(5):534-8. doi: 10.1097/SMJ.0b013e31816c01bd.

Endobronchial ultrasound in the evaluation of lung cancer: a practical review and cost analysis for the practicing pulmonologist.

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  • 1Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Section on Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy & Immunologic Diseases, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. mbowling@wfubmc.edu

Abstract

Flexible bronchoscopy remains an important tool in the staging, diagnosis, and treatment of primary and metastatic lung malignancies. Endobronchial ultrasound is a new technology utilized with bronchoscopy that has been shown to identify bronchial wall invasion by malignant tumors, aid in the fine needle aspiration of peripheral lung lesions and mediastinal/hilar lymph nodes, and determine the course of treatment in patients with pulmonary carcinoma in situ. The decision to invest both time and money in this technology is determined by several factors such as the cost of the equipment, reimbursement for the procedure, availability of training, the number of bronchoscopies one performs in a year, and access to endoscopic ultrasound and mediastinoscopy. This article reviews the literature to determine the utility of endobronchial ultrasound in the management of patients with lung cancer and to provide information to practicing pulmonologists that may aid in determining whether and where this technology fits into their clinical armamentarium.

PMID:
18414171
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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