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Lasers Med Sci. 2009 Mar;24(2):223-9. doi: 10.1007/s10103-008-0558-y. Epub 2008 Apr 12.

Possible roles of mast cell-derived chymase for skin rejuvenation.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigaku-machi, Takatsuki City, Osaka, 569-8686, Japan.

Abstract

The relationships between mast cell-derived chymase, angiotensin II, and extracellular matrix production in the skin after intense pulsed light (IPL) were clarified in hamsters. Dorsal areas of the hamsters were irradiated once or twice a week by IPL. The index of extracellular matrix production in the skin was defined as the depth stained with Azan-Mallory stain from the epidermis to the dermis at the point of maximum thickness. The index had significantly increased 7 days after IPL irradiation in sections treated once or twice with IPL compared with that of untreated control sections. The numbers of mast cells, chymase-positive cells, and angiotensin II-positive cells had also significantly increased in IPL-irradiated areas. Significant increases in chymase and angiotensin II activities were observed in the extracts obtained from IPL-irradiated skin. Mast cell-derived chymase may be involved via angiotensin II formation in the dermal extracellular matrix production that occurs after IPL irradiation.

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