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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2008 Jun;294(6):H2637-45. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.91476.2007. Epub 2008 Apr 11.

Differential loss of cytochrome-c oxidase subunits in ischemia-reperfusion injury: exacerbation of COI subunit loss by PKC-epsilon inhibition.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, USA.

Abstract

We have previously described a PKC-epsilon interaction with cytochrome oxidase subunit IV (COIV) that correlates with enhanced CO activity and cardiac ischemic preconditioning (PC). We therefore investigated the effects of PC and ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury on CO subunit levels in an anesthetized rat coronary ligation model. Homogenates prepared from the left ventricular regions at risk (RAR) and not at risk (RNAR) for I/R injury were fractionated into cell-soluble (S), 600 g low-speed centrifugation (L), gradient-purified mitochondrial (M), and 100,000 g particulate (P) fractions. In RAR tissue, PC (2 cycles of 5-min ischemia and 5-min reperfusion) decreased the COI in the P fraction ( approximately 29% of total cellular COI), suggesting changes in interfibrillar mitochondria. After 30 min of ischemia and 120 min of reperfusion, total COI levels decreased in the RAR by 72%. Subunit Va was also downregulated by 42% following prolonged I/R in the RAR. PC administered before I/R reduced the loss of COI in the M and P fractions approximately 30% and prevented COVa losses completely. We observed no losses in subunits Vb and VIIa following I/R alone; however, significant losses occurred when PC was administered before prolonged I/R. Delivery of a cell-permeable PKC-epsilon translocation inhibitor (epsilonV1-2) to isolated rat hearts before prolonged I/R dramatically increased COI loss, suggesting that PKC-epsilon protects COI levels. We propose that additional measures to protect CO subunits when coadministered with PC may improve its cardioprotection against I/R injury.

PMID:
18408135
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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