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World J Gastroenterol. 2008 Apr 14;14(14):2262-7.

Endoscopic diagnosis of gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease.

Author information

  • 1Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of SooChow University, Suzhou 215006, China. xcf601@163.com

Abstract

AIM:

To evaluate the diagnostic value of endoscopy in patients with gastrointestinal graft-versus-host disease (GI GVHD).

METHODS:

We identified 8 patients with GI GVHD following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell trans-plantation (HSCT). GVHD was defined histologically as the presence of gland apoptosis, not explained by other inflammatory or infectious etiologies.

RESULTS:

The symptoms of GI GVHD included anorexia, nausea, vomiting, watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, GI bleeding, etc. Upper endoscopic appearance varied from subtle mucosal edema, hyperemia, erythema to obvious erosion. Colonoscopic examination showed diffuse edema, hyperemia, patchy erosion, scattered ulcer, sloughing and active bleeding. Histological changes in GI GVHD included apoptosis of crypt epithelial cells, dropout of crypts, and lymphocytic infiltration in epithelium and lamina propria. The involvement of stomach and rectocolon varied from diffuse to focal.

CONCLUSION:

Endoscopy may play a significant role in early diagnosis of GI GVHD patients following allogeneic HSCT, and histologic examination of gastrointestinal biopsies is needed to confirm the final diagnosis.

PMID:
18407606
PMCID:
PMC2703857
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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