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J Pediatr Surg. 2008 Apr;43(4):647-53. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2007.09.016.

Prenatal ultrasonographic gastrointestinal abnormalities in fetuses with gastroschisis do not correlate with postnatal outcomes.

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  • 1The Center for Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

In the setting of gastroschisis, the clinical significance of prenatal ultrasound findings of secondary changes in bowel appearance remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to correlate prenatal identification of additional gastrointestinal sonographic abnormalities with postnatal clinical outcome.

METHODS:

A retrospective review was conducted on 64 fetuses with a prenatal diagnosis of gastroschisis treated at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia from 2000 to 2007. Postnatal outcomes were compared between newborns with additional sonographic gastrointestinal abnormalities and those without secondary changes to the bowel appearance.

RESULTS:

Thirty (47%) patients had at least one gastrointestinal abnormality (eg, bowel dilatation, echogenic bowel, thickened bowel, matted bowel, herniation of the stomach through the abdominal wall defect, or segmental loss of bowel peristalsis) on prenatal ultrasound. There were no significant differences between groups with respect to the time to initial and full enteral nutrition, total hospital stay, requirement for ventilator support, central line infection rates, reoperation rates, or mortality.

CONCLUSIONS:

In the setting of gastroschisis, isolated findings of gastrointestinal abnormalities on prenatal ultrasound do not correlate with adverse postnatal outcome.

PMID:
18405710
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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