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Anal Chem. 2008 May 15;80(10):3547-56. doi: 10.1021/ac702635v. Epub 2008 Apr 10.

Performance of combinatorial peptide libraries in capturing the low-abundance proteome of red blood cells. 1. Behavior of mono- to hexapeptides.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical Engineering Giulio Natta, Polytechnic of Milano, 20131 Milano, Italy.

Abstract

For a better understanding of the behavior of solid-phase combinatorial peptide ligands for capturing the red blood cell low-abundance soluble proteome, combinatorial peptides of different lengths from a single amino acid up to a hexapeptide were evaluated. A red blood cell lysate (6 g total protein) was loaded in a cascade fashion to the six columns, which were individually eluted with 8 M urea, 2% 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate (v/w), and 50 mM citric acid. Each eluate was analyzed via sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, two-dimensional maps, and nanoLC-MS/MS.

THE RESULTS:

mixed beads with a single amino acid attached showed the capture of a non-negligible portion of the proteome. A progressive increasing of the length of the peptide bait enlarges the pool of captured proteins. Above a length of four amino acids, a plateau is progressively reached, suggesting that not much could be gained with baits longer than six amino acids. Interestingly, whereas the beads laden with a single amino acid seem to be able to capture large-size proteins (>40 kDa), beads with progressively longer peptides capture additional proteins in the smaller size range (10-50 kDa). This suggests that interactions already begin with a single amino acid, but selectivity requires baits of proper length, at least above four amino acids. Plain beads, with a spacer arm carrying a primary amino terminal group for anchoring the baits, are essentially unable to capture proteins, suggesting that the peptide baits do not act by a mechanism of ion exchange but rather via a complex mixed mode, yielding a specific capture.

PMID:
18399644
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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