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J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008 Mar 1;47(3):298-303.

Clinical and genetic determinants of intracellular tenofovir diphosphate concentrations in HIV-infected patients.

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  • 1School of Pharmacy, University of Colorado at Denver, Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), such as tenofovir, require intracellular phosphorylation for pharmacologic activity. Drug transporters may contribute to the intracellular disposition of NRTIs.

OBJECTIVE:

We characterized intracellular tenofovir diphosphate (TFV-DP) concentrations in HIV-infected patients (n = 30), and investigated associations between TFV-DP concentrations and polymorphisms in the drug transporter genes SLC22A6, ABCC2, and ABCC4.

METHODS:

Subjects were genotyped for 6 single-nucleotide polymorphisms: 2 in SLC22A6 (encodes influx transporter, human organic anion transporter 1), 728G>A and 453G>A; 2 in ABCC2 (encodes efflux transporter, multidrug resistance protein [MRP] 2), -24C>T and 1249G>A; and 2 in ABCC4 (encodes efflux transporter, MRP4), 3463A>G and 4131T>G.

RESULTS:

The mean TFV-DP was 76.1 fmol/10(6) cells (range: 16.3 to 212 fmol/10(6) cells). Tenofovir apparent oral and renal clearances were significantly predictive of intracellular TFV-DP concentrations. For every 1-L/h decrease in tenofovir renal clearance, there was, on average, an 8% increase in TFV-DP (P = 0.002). We identified a novel relation between ABCC4 3463A>G genotype and TFV-DP. ABCC4 3463G variants had TFV-DP concentrations 35% higher (29 fmol/10(6) cells) than wild type (P = 0.04).

CONCLUSION:

This study provides direction for future investigations to elucidate the contribution of clinical characteristics and drug transporter genotype to TFV-DP safety and efficacy.

PMID:
18398970
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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