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Blood. 2008 Aug 1;112(3):592-602. doi: 10.1182/blood-2007-09-110437. Epub 2008 Apr 8.

RGT, a synthetic peptide corresponding to the integrin beta 3 cytoplasmic C-terminal sequence, selectively inhibits outside-in signaling in human platelets by disrupting the interaction of integrin alpha IIb beta 3 with Src kinase.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

Mutational analysis has established that the cytoplasmic tail of the integrin beta 3 subunit binds c-Src (termed as Src in this study) and is critical for bidirectional integrin signaling. Here we show in washed human platelets that a cell-permeable, myristoylated RGT peptide (myr-RGT) corresponding to the integrin beta 3 C-terminal sequence dose-dependently inhibited stable platelet adhesion and spreading on immobilized fibrinogen, and fibrin clot retraction as well. Myr-RGT also inhibited the aggregation-dependent platelet secretion and secretion-dependent second wave of platelet aggregation induced by adenosine diphosphate, ristocetin, or thrombin. Thus, myr-RGT inhibited integrin outside-in signaling. In contrast, myr-RGT had no inhibitory effect on adenosine diphosphate-induced soluble fibrinogen binding to platelets that is dependent on integrin inside-out signaling. Furthermore, the RGT peptide induced dissociation of Src from integrin beta 3 and dose-dependently inhibited the purified recombinant beta 3 cytoplasmic domain binding to Src-SH3. In addition, phosphorylation of the beta 3 cytoplasmic tyrosines, Y(747) and Y(759), was inhibited by myr-RGT. These data indicate an important role for beta 3-Src interaction in outside-in signaling. Thus, in intact human platelets, disruption of the association of Src with beta 3 and selective blockade of integrin alpha IIb beta 3 outside-in signaling by myr-RGT suggest a potential new antithrombotic strategy.

Comment in

PMID:
18398066
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2481538
Free PMC Article

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