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Fertil Steril. 2009 May;91(5):1717-20. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.02.003. Epub 2008 Apr 8.

Impact of day 3 or day 5 embryo transfer on pregnancy rates and multiple gestations.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wilford Hall Medical Center, San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium, Lackland Air Force Base, Texas, USA. rdbeesley@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test the hypothesis that day 5 ET (D5ET) is superior to day 3 ET (D3ET) in pregnancy outcome and that it also reduces multiple gestations.

DESIGN:

Retrospective cohort study.

SETTING:

Assisted reproductive technologies program at Wilford Hall Medical Center.

PATIENT(S):

Patients electing for either D3ET or D5ET.

INTERVENTION(S):

Participants meeting inclusion criteria for D5ET elected either D3ET or D5ET.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Cycles were compared by day of transfer and further stratified by patient age (<35 years and 35-40 years). The number of oocytes retrieved, embryos on day 3, embryos transferred, pregnancy rate, implantation rate, and twin and high order multiples (>or=triplets) rates were compared.

RESULT(S):

Of the 274 patients who met our inclusion criteria, 153 underwent a D3ET and 121 underwent a D5ET. The D5ET group had a significantly lower mean age and number of embryos transferred and a higher implantation rate (56% vs. 42%) than the D3ET group. Patients who were 35-40 years old had a significantly higher live-birth rate (68% vs. 40%). Although not statistically significant, the D5ET groups had higher clinical pregnancy (73% vs. 65%) and twin pregnancy (33% vs. 25%) rates.

CONCLUSION(S):

Blastocyst transfer resulted in fewer embryos transferred, with a trend toward improved clinical pregnancy and higher twin pregnancy rates. Live-birth rates were improved in patients 35-40 years of age. Younger patients opting for D5ET should do so with a commitment toward single ET.

PMID:
18395718
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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