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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Apr 15;105(15):5681-2. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0800703105. Epub 2008 Mar 31.

Son-biased sex ratios in the 2000 United States Census.

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  • 1Department of Economics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA.


We document male-biased sex ratios among U.S.-born children of Chinese, Korean, and Asian Indian parents in the 2000 U.S. Census. This male bias is particularly evident for third children: If there was no previous son, sons outnumbered daughters by 50%. By contrast, the sex ratios of eldest and younger children with an older brother were both within the range of the biologically normal, as were White offspring sex ratios (irrespective of the elder siblings' sex). We interpret the found deviation in favor of sons to be evidence of sex selection, most likely at the prenatal stage.

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