Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Heart Lung Transplant. 2008 Apr;27(4):408-15. doi: 10.1016/j.healun.2008.01.007.

Risk factor analysis in pediatric heart transplantation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart and Diabetes Center North Rhine Westphalia, University Hospital of Bochum, Bad Oeynhausen, Germany.



Steady assessment of risk factors will enable identification of patients at higher risk for post-transplant death, and may thus improve organ utilization and outcomes. In this study we aimed to identify the risk factors of mortality in pediatric heart transplantation.


Between November 1989 and February 2004, there were 116 orthotopic heart transplantations performed in patients <18 years of age at our institution.


The 30-day mortality risk was 12% (dilated cardiomyopathy 7%, congenital heart disease 26%; univariate analysis: p = 0.023). The main cause of 30-day mortality was primary graft failure (36%). The late mortality rate was 31 per 1,000 person-years. The main causes of late mortality were acute rejection (44%) and cardiac allograft vasculopathy (26%). The 1-, 5-, 10- and 15-year survival rates were 85%, 77%, 65% and 53%, respectively. Male donor (odds ratio [OR] 6.33, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11 to 36.01) and cardiopulmonary bypass >210 minutes (OR 43.05, 95% CI 1.11 to 1,669) were risk factors for 30-day mortality. Risk factors for 1- and 5-year mortality were body weight ratio <0.8 (OR 40.36, 95% CI 3.04 to 536.47) and male donor (OR 3.36, 95% CI 1.05 to 10.75), respectively. Recipient age <1 year (OR 64.65, 95% CI 1.69 to 2,466.77) and donor-recipient body surface area mismatch of <0.9 (OR 10.58, 95% CI 1.03 to 108.25) were risk factors for 10-year mortality.


Pediatric heart transplantation can be performed with an expectation of excellent results. Certain risk factors suggest poorer outcomes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk