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Talanta. 2008 Feb 15;74(5):1321-9. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2007.08.048. Epub 2007 Sep 16.

Method development for the determination of lead in wine using electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry comparing platform and filter furnace atomizers and different chemical modifiers.

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  • 1Instituto de Química, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves 9500, 91501-970 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.


A method has been developed for the determination of lead in wine by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry without any sample preparation and calibration against aqueous standards, using 7.5 microg Pd as a chemical modifier. The results obtained for seven wines using the proposed method and an acid digestion procedure did not show any significant difference using a Student's t-test. Atomization in a transversally heated filter atomizer (THFA) was compared with atomization in a conventional transversally heated platform furnace. The former provided a 2.6-fold higher sensitivity, improving the characteristic mass from 34 to 12 pg and a 1.6-fold better limit of detection (0.3 microg L(-1) compared to 0.5 microg L(-1)) for aqueous solutions using the same injection volume of 20 microL. However, the average precision, expressed as the relative standard deviation for the determination of lead in wine under routine conditions was improved from 4.6% with platform atomization to 0.6% in the THFA. The lead content found in seven arbitrarily chosen white and red wines, five from Brazil, one from Chile and one from Spain, ranged from 6 to 60 microg L(-1) Pb with an average content of 11.4 microg L(-1) Pb for the wines from South America.

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