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J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008 May;58(5):802-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2008.01.005. Epub 2008 Mar 25.

Relationship among human herpesvirus 6 reactivation, serum interleukin 10 levels, and rash/graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic stem cell transplantation.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan.



The relationship between herpesvirus reactivation and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) is unclear.


We sought to examine the relationship between human herpesvirus (HHV) reactivation and rash/GVHD after allo-SCT by prospective evaluation.


Fifteen patients who had received allo-SCT underwent prospective serial examinations for human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), HHV-7, cytomegalovirus, and Epstein-Barr virus DNA in the blood by polymerase chain reaction and real-time polymerase chain reaction. Serum interferon gamma, interleukins 4 and 10, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and soluble interleukin 2 receptor (sIL-2R) were also measured.


In 10 of 15 patients, macular/papular eruptions were seen after allo-SCT and GVHD was diagnosed. In 8 patients with rash, HHV-6 DNA levels correlated with the cutaneous manifestation. Interleukin 10 and sIL-2R also increased in association with rash.


The number of patients in our study was relatively small. Not all patients were examined for cytokines and sIL-2R.


HHV-6 reactivation may be involved in the pathogenesis of rash/GVHD after allo-SCT.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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