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Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2008 Apr;133(14):733-6. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1067318.

[The effects of air pollution and climate change on pulmonary diseases].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Medizinische Klinik III, Pneumologie, Allergologie, Schlaf- und Beatmungsmedizin, Berufsgenossenschaftliches Universit√§tsklinikum Bergmannsheil GmbH. gernot.rohde@rub.de

Abstract

From as early as 1930 there has been evidence for effects on health of air pollution. Ozone, particulates and nitrogen dioxide are the most important pollutants today. The acute increase in air pollution leads to a significant raise in morbidity and mortality. Hospital admissions of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma are more frequent during these periods. Chronic exposure to pollution causes bronchitis, accelerated decline of lung function and impaired maturing of the lungs. Ozone and a residence in proximity to major roads seem to play a role in the development of asthma. A further important environmental factor is climate change, which has an impact on air pollution but also on distribution and quality of aero-allergens and the dissemination and transmission of respiratory pathogens.

PMID:
18363196
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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