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Transplantation. 2008 Mar 27;85(6):840-3. doi: 10.1097/TP.0b013e318166ac45.

Outcome of 234 pregnancies in 140 renal transplant recipients from five middle eastern countries.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the pregnancy and offspring outcomes in postrenal transplant recipients.

METHODS:

This is a retrospective case-note review study investigating the outcome of 234 pregnancies in 140 renal transplant recipients from five different Middle Eastern countries.

RESULTS:

Of the overall pregnancies 74.4% were successful albeit with high prevalences of preterm and Caesarean deliveries (40.8% and 53%, respectively). The mean serum creatinine did not rise significantly during pregnancy in the group as a whole but did so in patients who had serum creatinine of or above 150 micromol/L at the beginning of their pregnancies. The mean birth weight was (2,458 g) with 41.3% of the newborns being of low birth weight (<2,500 g). The prevalences of stillbirths were 7.3% and of spontaneous abortion was 19.3%. Preeclampsia and gestational diabetes were observed in 26.1% and 2% of pregnancies, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

In the presence of good allograft function, the majority of pregnancies in renal transplant recipients have a good outcome but with increased incidence of preeclampsia, reduced gestational age, and low birth weights. Patients with baseline serum creatinine of above 150 micromol/L have an increased risk of allograft dysfunction resulting from the pregnancy.

PMID:
18360265
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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