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Am J Dermatopathol. 2008 Apr;30(2):127-34. doi: 10.1097/DAD.0b013e318161310c.

Keratoacanthoma and infundibulocystic squamous cell carcinoma.

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  • 1Skin and Cancer Foundation Australia, Sydney, Australia. skossard@scfa.edu.au

Abstract

One of the major controversies in dermatopathology is the relationship of keratoacanthoma to squamous cell carcinoma. Leaders in the field remain polarized in their views. Carcinomas with distinct follicular pattern of differentiation have been described in reference to the isthmus as trichilemmal carcinomas, to the follicular bulb as pilomatricomal carcinomas, and to the stem cell or rapidly amplifying cell compartment as basal cell carcinomas (trichoblastic carcinomas). We have employed the term infundibulocystic or infundibular squamous cell carcinoma to identify a subset of squamous cell carcinomas that demonstrate this pattern of differentiation. The recognition of infundibular squamous cell carcinoma is important in that well-differentiated examples are likely to have been diagnosed as keratoacanthoma, whereas moderately or poorly differentiated tumors would be more often reported as squamous cell carcinomas, leading to underrecognition of these infundibular variants of squamous cell carcinoma. The descriptive term infundibulocystic or infundibular squamous cell carcinoma may help to better define an alternative follicular-based pathway to squamous cell carcinoma distinct from the more common evolution from solar keratoses and also refine the classification of keratoacanthoma.

PMID:
18360115
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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