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Ultrasound Med Biol. 1991;17(5):445-52.

Evaluation of Doppler ultrasound for blood perfusion measurements.

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  • 1Department of Electrical Measurements, Lund Institute of Technology, Sweden.


The need to develop clinical methods for the noninvasive monitoring of regional blood perfusion, i.e., the blood flow through the very fine capillaries in body tissue, has long been felt. Hitherto existing methods exhibit limitations, such as insufficient measurement depth and poor time- or space-resolution, which restrict the measurements that can be performed. Dymling (1982) introduced a new CW Doppler ultrasound method for noninvasive blood perfusion measurement which might be one possible solution to this problem. Preliminary experiments indicated a correlation between blood flow and measured perfusion value. Unexpectedly large variations in the recorded perfusion values lead to further investigation of the method, both in vitro using a specially designed flow phantom and in vivo. This study indicates that at least some of the large variations recorded are the result of measurement errors caused by movement artifacts or ultrasonic signal interferences. Methods to diminish the effects of these artifacts are discussed.

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