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Genome. 2008 Apr;51(4):251-60. doi: 10.1139/G08-005.

The Y chromosome-specific STS marker MS2 and its peripheral regions on the Y chromosome of the dioecious plant Silene latifolia.

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  • 1Department of Integrated Biosciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha 5-1-5, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8562, Japan.

Abstract

Sex determination in Silene latifolia uses the XX/XY system. The recent evolution of dioecy in S. latifolia provides a unique opportunity to study the early stages of Y chromosome evolution. However, the current Y chromosome map still contains many large gaps with no available markers. In this study, a sequence tagged site (STS) marker, MS2, was isolated and mapped to the same locus as L8 on the Y chromosome. To investigate the peripheral regions of MS2, a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library was constructed from a male plant, and the BAC clone containing MS2 (MS2-9d12F) was isolated from 32 640 clones with an average insert size of 115 kb. A 109-kb insert of the BAC clone was analyzed. BLASTX analysis showed 11 sequences similar to some known proteins, most of which are retrotransposon-like elements. The ORF Finder predicted 9 ORFs within MS2-9d12F. RT-PCR analyses revealed that only 4 of the 9 predicted ORFs are expressed in both male and female plants. These 4 ORFs are candidates for genes having counterparts on both the X and Y chromosomes. Dot-matrix plot analysis and a BLASTN search revealed LTR-like sequences close to the retrotransposon-like elements and high similarity to 3 known genomic sequences of S. latifolia. These results suggest an accumulation of retrotransposons and segmental duplications in peripheral regions of MS2 during the early stage of sex chromosome evolution.

PMID:
18356961
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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