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Clin Cancer Res. 2008 Mar 15;14(6):1759-66. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-07-1395.

Topoisomerase IIalpha expression as an independent prognostic factor in Hodgkin's lymphoma.

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  • 1Laboratory of Histology and Embryology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Medical School, Athens, Greece.



To correlate the immunohistochemical expression of topoisomerase IIalpha (topoIIalpha) in Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) with clinicopathological parameters, the expression of Ki-67 and the outcome of patients, who had been homogenously treated with ABVD or equivalent regimens.


Immunohistochemistry using the monoclonal antibody Ki-S1 (topoIIalpha) was performed in 238 HL patients. MiB1 (Ki-67) expression was evaluated in 211/238.


The mean +/- SD percentage of topoIIalpha- and Ki-67-positive Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells was 63 +/- 19% (5%-98%) and 73 +/- 19% (8%-99%), respectively. The median percentage of topoIIalpha-positive HRS cells was 64% (interquartile range, 51-78%). There was no correlation between topoIIalpha expression and patient characteristics. TopoIIalpha and Ki-67 expression were correlated (Spearman's Rho 0.255, P < 0.001). TopoIlalpha expression within the highest quartile of this patient population was predictive of failure free survival (FFS) (10-year rates 82 +/- 3% vs 68 +/- 7%, P = 0.02 for patients falling into the quartiles 1-3 and 4 respectively). In multivariate analysis topoIIalpha expression was independently predictive of FFS.


TopoIIalpha was expressed in all cases of HL showing a correlation with Ki-67 expression. Under current standard therapy including drugs inhibiting its activity, topoIIalpha was an independent adverse predictor of FFS with no statistically significant correlation with other established prognostic factors.

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