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Clin Cancer Res. 2008 Mar 15;14(6):1686-91. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-07-4085.

Expression of the bric-a-brac tramtrack broad complex protein NAC-1 in cervical carcinomas seems to correlate with poorer prognosis.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shimane University School of Medicine, Shimane, Japan.



Recent studies have suggested a novel oncogenic role of a bric-a-brac tramtrack broad complex (also known as POZ) domain gene, NAC-1, in ovarian carcinomas. The aim of this study was to clarify the functional role of NAC-1 in human cervical carcinomas.


NAC-1 expression in cervical cancer was assessed by immunohistochemistry, and data on clinical variables were collected by retrospective chart review. NAC-1 gene knockdown using small interfering RNA and a NAC-1 gene transfection system were used to asses NAC-1 function in cervical cancer in vivo.


Immunohistochemical and gene expression analysis revealed that NAC-1 is significantly overexpressed in cervical adenocarcinomas and adenosquamous carcinomas compared with squamous cell carcinomas. Patients with squamous cell carcinomas positive for NAC-1 expression who received radiotherapy had significantly shorter overall survival than peers whose tumors did not express NAC-1, and multivariate analysis showed that NAC-1 expression was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival after radiotherapy. Overexpressions of the NAC-1 gene stimulated cell proliferation in cervical carcinoma cells of the TCS, CaSki, and HeLa P3 lines, which do not have endogenous NAC-1 expression. NAC-1 gene knockdown inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis in HeLa, HeLa TG, and ME180 cells, all of which overexpressed NAC-1.


Our findings suggest that NAC-1 may play an important role in cervical carcinomas; moreover, these findings provide a rationale for future development of NAC-1-based therapy for cervical carcinomas that overexpress this candidate oncogene.

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