Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008 Jun;37(6):561-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijom.2008.01.020. Epub 2008 Mar 17.

Increased bone contact to a calcium-incorporated oxidized commercially pure titanium implant: an in-vivo study in rabbits.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biomaterials, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Göteborg, and Malmö University, Malmö Gothenburg, Sweden.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the bone response to an oxidized titanium implant (Ox) and a calcium-incorporated oxidized titanium implant (Ca). A blasted titanium implant (Bl) was used as control. The implants were topographically characterized using an optical interferometer and placed: one in each distal femoral metaphysis and two in each proximal tibial metaphysis in rabbits. The rabbits were killed 12 weeks after implant insertion, and the implants and their surrounding tissues were removed en bloc for histomorphometrical evaluations. Topographical evaluation revealed three different surfaces: average height deviation (S(a), microm) values for Ca:Ox:Bl implants were 0.3:0.6:0.9, developed surface area ratios (%) 17:44:31, number of summits per microm(2) 208:136:118, and core fluid retention index values 1.33:1.33:1.38. The mean percentages of bone contact to the implants placed in the tibia (Ca:Ox:Bl) were 47:30:34 and to the implants placed in the femur (Ca:Ox) 32:20. The mean percentages of surrounding bone area for the implants placed in the tibia were 40:47:37 and for the implants placed in the femur 43:46. A significant increase in bone contact was found for smooth (S(a) <0.5 microm) but more densely peaked calcium-incorporated oxidized implants when compared to slightly rougher (S(a)=0.5-1.0 microm) oxidized or blasted implants.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk