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QJM. 2008 May;101(5):381-6. doi: 10.1093/qjmed/hcn017. Epub 2008 Mar 10.

Incidence and clinical significance of left ventricular thrombus in tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy assessed with echocardiography.

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  • 1I. Medizinische Klinik, Universit√§tsklinikum Mannheim. 68167 Mannheim, Germany. dariush.haghi@med.ma.uni-heidelberg.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Left ventricular (LV) thrombus is a known complication of tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TC). However, current literature almost exclusively consists of isolated case reports. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and clinical significance of LV thrombus formation in TC.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Over a 33-month period 52 patients with TC were assembled into a database at our institution. A retrospective database search was performed to identify patients with LV thrombus among these patients. LV thrombus, by echocardiography, was discovered in four patients[(8%); 95% confidence interval 3-19%]. Thrombus was present at the time of diagnosis in three patients. In one patient thrombus was absent initially and developed later. The LV apex was the site of thrombus formation in two patients, but the true apex was spared in the other two. All four patients had elevated serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP). Two patients also had thrombocytosis. Treatment with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) led to resolution of thrombus in all cases.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings suggest that LV thrombus is a noteworthy complication in TC. It can occur both at initial presentation or at anytime later during the disease course. Elevated CRP levels and thrombocytosis may indicate a higher risk of thrombus formation.

PMID:
18334499
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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