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Health Aff (Millwood). 2008 Mar-Apr;27(2):350-60. doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.27.2.350.

The gap gets bigger: changes in mortality and life expectancy, by education, 1981-2000.

Author information

  • 1Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. meara@hcp.med.harvard.edu

Abstract

In this paper we examine educational disparities in mortality and life expectancy among non-Hispanic blacks and whites in the 1980s and 1990s. Despite increased attention and substantial dollars directed to groups with low socioeconomic status, within race and gender groups, the educational gap in life expectancy is rising, mainly because of rising differentials among the elderly. With the exception of black males, all recent gains in life expectancy at age twenty-five have occurred among better-educated groups, raising educational differentials in life expectancy by 30 percent. Differential trends in smoking-related diseases explain at least 20 percent of this trend.

PMID:
18332489
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2366041
Free PMC Article

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