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Exp Neurol. 1991 Sep;113(3):277-90.

Differential response of striatal dopamine and muscarinic cholinergic receptor subtypes to the loss of dopamine. II. Effects of 6-hydroxydopamine or colchicine microinjections into the VTA or reserpine treatment.

Author information

  • Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104.

Abstract

In the previous paper it was demonstrated that striatal dopamine (DA) D1 and D2 receptor subtypes and muscarinic M1 and M2 receptor subtypes show differing responses to lesions of the mesostriatal DA system. To examine this differential regulation further rats were given unilateral injections of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or colchicine into the ventral tegmental area (VTA), or treated chronically with reserpine or saline. Two weeks later the animals were tested for their behavioral response to a subthreshold dose of apomorphine and 24 h later their brains were removed and processed for quantitative autoradiography or for analysis of DA levels by high-performance liquid chromatography. The 6-OHDA-lesioned animals showed a supersensitive rotational response to apomorphine. The loss of DA, loss of DA uptake sites, regulation of DA D1 and D2 receptors and regulation of the muscarinic cholinergic system was similar to the previous paper. Injection of colchicine in the VTA resulted in incomplete loss of striatal DA (50%), [3H]mazindol binding (50%), and no behavioral supersensitivity to apomorphine. There was a small loss of presynaptically located D2 receptors (13%). Similar to the 6-OHDA lesions there was a loss of D1 (12%) and M1 receptors. Reserpine treatment produced an 86% decrease in DA levels, an enhanced stereotyped responsiveness to apomorphine, and an increase of both D2 (28%) and D1 receptors (26%). There was a loss of muscarinic M1 but not M2 receptors. Thus removal of DA terminals or blockade of transport of proteins in the mesostriatal axons can lead to a reduction in D1 receptor density in the striatum. In contrast, loss of DA without removal of DA terminals leads to a significant up-regulation of the D1 receptor. D2 receptors show increases following removal of DA or of DA terminals. Alteration in the muscarinic cholinergic system following damage to the mesostriatal DA system is a complex response not mimicked by either reserpine or colchicine treatment.

PMID:
1833220
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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