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Hum Pathol. 2008 May;39(5):681-93. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2007.09.012. Epub 2008 Mar 10.

Histopathologic factors significantly associated with initial organ-specific metastasis by invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast: a prospective study.

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  • 1Surgical Pathology Section, Clinical Laboratory Division, National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-0882, Japan. thasebe@ncc.go.jp

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to identify histologic factors significantly associated with initial organ-specific metastasis by 1044 invasive ductal carcinomas (IDCs) of the breast with and without adjuvant therapy, separately, according to nodal status and pathologic TNM stage status. The following histologic factors were prospectively analyzed by multivariate analyses for distant organ metastasis and bone metastasis in patients with IDC who did not receive adjuvant therapy, and for distant organ metastasis, bone metastasis, liver metastasis, and lung metastasis in patients with IDC who received adjuvant therapy: (1) invasive tumor size, (2) histologic grade, (3) tumor necrosis, (4) fibrotic focus (FF), (5) lymphatic invasion, (6) blood vessel invasion, (7) adipose tissue invasion, (8) skin invasion, (9) muscle invasion, (10) age, (11) estrogen (ER)/progesterone (PR) status, and (12) nodal status. The results showed that FF diameter greater than 8 mm and FF fibrosis grade 1 were the factors that most accurately predicted distant organ metastasis and bone metastasis in patients with IDC who did not receive adjuvant therapy. In patients with IDC who received adjuvant therapy, FF diameter greater than 8 mm was the factor that most accurately predicted bone metastasis, and the presence of tumor necrosis and ER-/PR- were very important predictive factors for metastasis to the lung. Ten or more nodal metastases (N3) were the factor that most accurately predicted liver metastasis. Based on these findings, FF characteristics can be concluded to be the most important histologic factors for predicting metastasis to the bone, the presence of tumor necrosis and ER-/PR- for predicting metastasis to the lung, and N3 for predicting metastasis to the liver.

PMID:
18329692
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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