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J Proteome Res. 2008 May;7(5):1809-18. doi: 10.1021/pr7006544. Epub 2008 Mar 8.

Advances in the analysis of protein phosphorylation.

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  • 1Departamento de Prote√≥mica, Centro Nacional de Biotecnologia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient√≠ficas, Madrid, Spain. Alberto.Paradela@cnb.uam.es

Abstract

Phosphorylation is one of the most relevant and ubiquitous post-translational modifications. Despite its relevance, the analysis of protein phosphorylation has been revealed as one of the most challenging tasks due to its highly dynamic nature and low stoichiometry. However, the development and introduction of new analytical methods are modifying rapidly and substantially this field. Especially important has been the introduction of more sensitive and specific methods for phosphoprotein and phosphopeptide purification as well as the use of more sensitive and accurate MS-based analytical methods. The integration of both approaches has enabled large-scale phosphoproteome studies to be performed, an unimaginable task few years ago. Additionally, methods originally developed for differential proteomics have been adapted making the study of the highly dynamic nature of protein phosphorylation feasible. This review aims at offering an overview on the most frequently used methods in phosphoprotein and phosphopeptide enrichment as well as on the most recent MS-based analysis strategies. Current strategies for quantitative phosphoproteomics and the study of the dynamics of protein phosphorylation are highlighted.

PMID:
18327898
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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