Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2008 May;294(5):H2197-203. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.91496.2007. Epub 2008 Mar 7.

Role of gp91phox-containing NADPH oxidase in left ventricular remodeling induced by intermittent hypoxic stress.

Author information

  • 1Department of Internal Medicine III, Osaka Medical College, 2-7 Daigakumachi, Takatsuki, Osaka, Japan.


Intermittent hypoxia due to sleep apnea syndrome is associated with cardiovascular diseases. However, the precise mechanisms by which intermittent hypoxic stress accelerates cardiovascular diseases are largely unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of gp91(phox)-containing NADPH oxidase in the development of left ventricular (LV) remodeling induced by intermittent hypoxic stress in mice. Male gp91(phox)-deficient (gp91(-/-)) mice (n = 26) and wild-type (n = 39) mice at 7-12 wk of age were exposed to intermittent hypoxia (30 s of 4.5-5.5% O(2) followed by 30 s of 21% O(2) for 8 h/day during daytime) or normoxia for 10 days. Mean blood pressure and LV systolic and diastolic function were not changed by intermittent hypoxia in wild-type or gp91(-/-) mice, although right ventricular systolic pressure tended to be increased. In wild-type mice, intermittent hypoxic stress significantly increased the diameter of cardiomyocytes and interstitial fibrosis in LV myocardium. Furthermore, intermittent hypoxic stress increased superoxide production, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal protein, TNF-alpha and transforming growth factor-beta mRNA, and NF-kappaB binding activity in wild-type, but not gp91(-/-), mice. These results suggest that gp91(phox)-containing NADPH oxidase plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of intermittent hypoxia-induced LV remodeling through an increase of oxidative stress.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk