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Emerg Infect Dis. 2008 Mar;14(3):505-8. doi: 10.3201/eid1403.071064.

Leptospirosis-associated severe pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome, Salvador, Brazil.

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  • 1Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

Abstract

We report the emergence of leptospirosis-associated severe pulmonary hemorrhagic syndrome (SPHS) in slum communities in Salvador, Brazil. Although active surveillance did not identify SPHS before 2003, 47 cases were identified from 2003 through 2005; the case-fatality rate was 74%. By 2005, SPHS caused 55% of the deaths due to leptospirosis.

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