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Otol Neurotol. 2008 Apr;29(3):407-15. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0b013e3181690775.

Phylogeny of the stapes prosthesis.

Author information

  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202, USA. mfritsch@iupui.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To create the first ever stapes prosthesis phylogenetic tree for the evolution of the stapes prosthesis.

STUDY DESIGN:

Retrospective literature review, personal interviews.

SETTING:

University Medical Center.

PATIENT:

Not applicable.

INTERVENTION:

Not applicable.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Construction of a stapes prosthesis phylogenetic tree with branches capable of including all stapes prostheses.

RESULTS:

One hundred five different stapes prostheses were reviewed, starting with the first-ever prosthesis used in the first stapedectomy and continuing up to the present time. The stapes prosthesis family tree contains 4 main branches that allow for categorization of all the commercial prostheses currently used. Many examples of atavistic prostheses, single surgeon use, and dead-end characteristics exist.

CONCLUSION:

An overview of the complicated phylogenetic tree for stapes prostheses gives great perspective to the history of stapedectomy and insights into many characteristics that are useful for designing new stapes prostheses.

PMID:
18317391
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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