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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008 Apr;40(4):767-72. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181620ed1.

Measuring activity in children and adolescents using self-report: PAQ-C and PAQ-A.

Author information

  • 1Department of Health and Sports Studies, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. kathleen-janz@uiowa.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study examined the psychometric properties of two versions of a commonly used physical activity 7-d self-report, the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children (PAQ-C) and Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A).

METHODS:

We longitudinally examined the internal consistency, stability, and situational effects of the PAQ-C and PAQ-A in a cohort of children (N = 210) at ages 11 and 13 yr. Statistical analysis included factor loading and standardized Cronbach coefficient alphas. We cross-sectionally examined concurrent validity of the PAQ-A in a subsample of our cohort (N = 49) at age 13 by comparing it with concurrently measured physical activity using an activity monitor (Actigraph). Spearman correlation coefficients were used for this analysis.

RESULTS:

Standardized Cronbach alphas ranged from 0.72 to 0.88. A subsample analysis suggested that completing the questionnaires during the summer months slightly reduced the standardized alpha for the PAQ-C, but not the PAQ-A. Associations between the PAQ-A (revised) summary score and activity monitor variables were rho = 0.56 for total PA and rho = 0.63 for moderate through vigorous activity (P < 0.05). Associations between individual PAQ-A questions and activity monitor variables for the same time frame ranged from rho = 0.41 to 0.62 (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The PAQ-C and PAQ-A show good internal consistency. The PAQ-A has acceptable validity.

PMID:
18317366
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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