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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008 Mar;162(3):232-7. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2007.43.

Team sports for overweight children: the Stanford Sports to Prevent Obesity Randomized Trial (SPORT).

Author information

  • 1Division of General Pediatrics and Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, 211 Quarry Rd, Hoover Pavilion, Room N032, Stanford, CA 94305-5705, USA. Dana.Weintraub@Stanford.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of an after-school team sports program for reducing weight gain in low-income overweight children.

DESIGN:

Six-month, 2-arm, parallel-group, pilot randomized controlled trial.

SETTING:

Low-income, racial/ethnic minority community.

PARTICIPANTS:

Twenty-one children in grades 4 and 5 with a body mass index at or above the 85th percentile.

INTERVENTIONS:

The treatment intervention consisted of an after-school soccer program. The "active placebo" control intervention consisted of an after-school health education program.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Implementation, acceptability, body mass index, physical activity measured using accelerometers, reported television and other screen time, self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and weight concerns.

RESULTS:

All 21 children completed the study. Compared with children receiving health education, children in the soccer group had significant decreases in body mass index z scores at 3 and 6 months and significant increases in total daily, moderate, and vigorous physical activity at 3 months.

CONCLUSION:

An after-school team soccer program for overweight children can be a feasible, acceptable, and efficacious intervention for weight control.

PMID:
18316660
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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