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Implement Sci. 2008 Feb 29;3:14. doi: 10.1186/1748-5908-3-14.

Implementing cognitive behavioral therapy in the real world: a case study of two mental health centers.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA. KramerTeresaL@uams.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Behavioral health services for children and adolescents in the U.S. are lacking in accessibility, availability and quality. Evidence-based interventions for emotional and behavioral disorders can improve quality, yet few studies have systematically examined their implementation in routine care settings.

METHODS:

Using quantitative and qualitative data, we evaluated a multi-faceted implementation strategy to implement cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for depressed adolescents into two publicly-funded mental healthcare centers. Extent of implementation during the study's duration and variables influencing implementation were explored.

RESULTS:

Of the 35 clinicians eligible to participate, 25 (71%) were randomized into intervention (n = 11) or usual care (n = 14). Nine intervention clinicians completed the CBT training. Sixteen adolescents were enrolled in CBT with six of the intervention clinicians; half of these received at least six CBT manually-based sessions. Multiple barriers to CBT adoption and sustained use were identified by clinicians in qualitative interviews.

CONCLUSION:

Strategies to implement evidence-based interventions into routine clinical settings should include multi-method, pre-implementation assessments of the clinical environment and address multiple barriers to initial uptake as well as long-term sustainability.

PMID:
18312677
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC2294138
Free PMC Article
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