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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2008 Aug;199(3):457-80. doi: 10.1007/s00213-008-1099-6. Epub 2008 Mar 3.

Affective neuroscience of pleasure: reward in humans and animals.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. berridge@umich.edu

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Pleasure and reward are generated by brain circuits that are largely shared between humans and other animals.

DISCUSSION:

Here, we survey some fundamental topics regarding pleasure mechanisms and explicitly compare humans and animals.

CONCLUSION:

Topics surveyed include liking, wanting, and learning components of reward; brain coding versus brain causing of reward; subjective pleasure versus objective hedonic reactions; roles of orbitofrontal cortex and related cortex regions; subcortical hedonic hotspots for pleasure generation; reappraisals of dopamine and pleasure-electrode controversies; and the relation of pleasure to happiness.

PMID:
18311558
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3004012
Free PMC Article
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