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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2008 Mar 14;10(10):1457-62. doi: 10.1039/b714458j. Epub 2008 Jan 18.

On the stabilization of conducting pernigraniline salt by the synthesis and oxidation of polyaniline in hydrophobic ionic liquids.

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  • 1Instituto de Química, Universidade de São Paulo, C.P. 26077, 05513-970 São Paulo, Brazil.


The electrochemical polymerization of aniline in a hydrophobic room-temperature ionic liquid and the spectroelectrochemical characterization of the formed film are presented. The polymerization occurs without the presence of acid in 1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (BMMITFSI), leading to a very stable electroactive material where no degradation was observed even at high applied potentials. Both in situ UV-Vis and Raman spectroscopic studies provided evidence for the stabilization of pernigraniline salt at high oxidation potentials and that this polyaniline state is the conducting form, as was corroborated by in situ resistance measurements. These data are indicative that low conductivity is not an intrinsic property of pernigraniline salt and this point must be reconsidered.

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