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Am J Public Health. 2008 Dec;98(12):2223-8. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.110239. Epub 2008 Feb 28.

County variation in children's and adolescent's health status and school district performance in California.

Author information

  • 1School of Social Welfare, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. sistone@berkeley.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We examined the association between county-level estimates of children's health status and school district performance in California.

METHODS:

We used 3 data sources: the California Health Interview Survey, district archives from the California Department of Education, and census-based estimates of county demographic characteristics. We used logistic regression to estimate whether a school district's failure to meet adequate yearly progress goals in 2004 to 2005 was a function of child and adolescent's health status. Models included district- and county-level fixed effects and were adjusted for the clustering of districts within counties.

RESULTS:

County-level changes in children's and adolescent's health status decreased the likelihood that a school district would fail to meet adequate yearly progress goals during the investigation period. Health status did not moderate the relatively poor performance of predominantly minority districts.

CONCLUSIONS:

We found empirical support that area variation in children's and adolescent's health status exerts a contextual effect on school district performance. Future research should explore the specific mechanisms through which area-level child health influences school and district achievement.

PMID:
18309137
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2636520
Free PMC Article
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