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Am J Cardiol. 2008 Mar 1;101(5):596-601. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2007.10.019. Epub 2007 Dec 21.

Development and validation of a total coronary heart disease risk score in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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  • 1Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

Abstract

There are no validated risk scores for predicting coronary heart disease (CHD) in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study aimed to validate the UKPDS risk engine and, if indicated, develop CHD risk scores. A total of 7,067 patients without CHD at baseline were analyzed. Data were randomly assigned to a training data set and a test data set. Cox models were used to develop risk scores to predict total CHD in the training data set. Calibration was assessed using the Hosmer-Lemeshow test, and discrimination was examined using the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve in the test data set. During a median follow-up of 5.40 years, 4.97% of patients (n = 351) developed incident CHD. The UKPDS CHD risk engine overestimated the risk of CHD with suboptimal discrimination, and a new total CHD risk score was developed. The developed total CHD risk score was 0.0267 x age (years) - 0.3536 x sex (1 if female) + 0.4373 x current smoking status (1 if yes) + 0.0403 x duration of diabetes (years) - 0.4808 x Log(10) (estimated glomerular filtration rate [ml/min/1.73 m(2)]) + 0.1232 x Log(10) (1 + spot urinary albumin-creatinine ratio [mg/mmol]) + 0.2644 x non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (mmol/L). The 5-year probability of CHD = 1 - 0.9616(EXP(0.9440 x [RISK SCORE - 0.7082])). Predicted CHD probability was not significantly different from observed total CHD probability, and the adjusted area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.74 during 5 years of follow-up. In conclusion, the UKPDS CHD risk engine overestimated the risk of Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and the newly developed total CHD risk score performed well in the test data set. External validations are required in other Chinese populations.

PMID:
18308005
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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