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Arthritis Res Ther. 2008;10(1):R26. doi: 10.1186/ar2379. Epub 2008 Feb 28.

New classification of HLA-DRB1 alleles in rheumatoid arthritis susceptibility: a combined analysis of worldwide samples.

Author information

  • 1Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UMR Inserm U 558, University Paul Sabatier Toulouse III, Faculty of Medicine Purpan, 37 AllĂ©es Jules Guesde, Toulouse cedex 7, 31073, France. barnetch@cict.fr

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex polygenic disease of unknown etiology. HLA-DRB1 alleles encoding the shared epitope (SE) (RAA amino acid pattern in positions 72 to 74 of the third hypervariable region of the DRbeta1 chain) are associated with RA susceptibility. A new classification of HLA-DRB1 SE alleles has been developed by Tezenas du Montcel and colleagues to refine the association between HLA-DRB1 and RA. In the present study, we used RA samples collected worldwide to investigate the relevance of this new HLA-DRB1 classification in terms of RA susceptibility across various Caucasoid and non-Caucasoid patients.

METHODS:

Eighteen subsamples were defined from a total number of 759 cases and 789 controls and grouped in 10 samples on the basis of their ethnic origin. HLA-DRB1 alleles were divided into five groups (S1, S2, S3D, S3P, and X) according to the new HLA-DRB1 allele classification. The whole analysis was performed by comparing carrier frequencies for the five HLA-DRB1 allele groups between RA patients and controls across the 10 Caucasoid and non-Caucasoid samples. The Mantel-Haenszel method of meta-analysis provided a global odds ratio (OR) estimate with 95% confidence interval (CI).

RESULTS:

A positive association with RA susceptibility was found for S2 allele carriers (OR 2.15, 95% CI 1.54 to 3.00; p < 10(-5)) and S3P allele carriers (OR 2.74, 95% CI 2.01 to 3.74; p < 10(-5)). A negative association was found for S1 alleles (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.48 to 0.76; p < 10(-4)) and X alleles (OR 0.58, 95% CI 0.39 to 0.84; p = 4 x 10(-3)). No significant association was highlighted for the S3D group of alleles (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.69 to 1.14; p = 0.89). The complementary genotype analysis fit with the genotype risk hierarchy previously reported in Caucasoid RA patients.

CONCLUSION:

So far, the present study is the first attempt to investigate the relevance of this new HLA-DRB1 classification in terms of RA susceptibility on both Caucasoid and non-Caucasoid samples. Our results support the hypothesis of a differential role played by different HLA-DRB1 allele groups in RA susceptibility across different ethnic backgrounds and confirm the interest of such an HLA-DRB1 classification in differentiating predisposing and protective alleles.

PMID:
18307784
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2374469
Free PMC Article

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