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J Phys Chem A. 2008 Apr 3;112(13):2962-8. doi: 10.1021/jp710494n. Epub 2008 Feb 29.

Microsolvation of hydrogen sulfide: exploration of H2S.(H2O)n and SH-.H3O+.(H2O)n-1 (n = 5-7) cluster structures on ab initio potential energy surfaces by the scaled hypersphere search method.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578, Japan.

Abstract

The scaled hypersphere search method was applied to ab initio potential energy surfaces of the H2S.(H2O)n/SH-.H3O+.(H2O)n-1 system with n = 5-7. Local minima databases including 121, 326, and 553 structures for n = 5-7, respectively, were obtained based on calculations at the MP2/6-311++G(3df,2p)//B3LYP/6-31+G** level. In these small cluster sizes, the SH-.H3O+.(H2O)n-1 type is still unstable relative to the H2S.(H2O)n type, and the global minima for H2S.(H2O)n are very similar to those of pure water clusters of (H2O)n+1. Thermodynamic simulations based on the present databases showed a structure transition from the well-mixed (H2O)n+1-like global minimum at low temperatures to unmixed complexes between H2S and (H2O)n at high temperatures.

PMID:
18307328
[PubMed]
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