Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biol Reprod. 2008 Jun;78(6):1058-63. doi: 10.1095/biolreprod.107.066423. Epub 2008 Feb 27.

Overexpression of SK3 channels dampens uterine contractility to prevent preterm labor in mice.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.

Abstract

The mechanisms that control the timing of labor have yet to be fully characterized. In a previous study, the overexpression of small conductance calcium-activated K(+) channel isoform 3 in transgenic mice, Kcnn3(tm1Jpad)/Kcnn3(tm1Jpad) (also known as SK3(T/T)), led to compromised parturition, which indicates that KCNN3 (also known as SK3) plays an important role in the delivery process. Based on these findings, we hypothesized that SK3 channel expression must be downregulated late in pregnancy to enable the uterus to produce the forceful contractions required for parturition. Thus, we investigated the effects of SK3 channel expression on gestation and parturition, comparing SK3(T/T) mice to wild type (WT) mice. Here, we show in WT mice that SK3 transcript and protein are significantly reduced during pregnancy. We also found the force produced by uterine strips from Pregnancy Day 19 (P19) SK3(T/T) mice was significantly less than that measured in WT or SK3 knockout control (SK3(DOX)) uterine strips, and this effect was reversed by application of the SK3 channel inhibitor apamin. Moreover, two treatments that induce labor in mice failed to result in complete delivery in SK3(T/T) mice within 48 h after injection. Thus, stimuli that initiate parturition under normal circumstances are insufficient to coordinate the uterine contractions needed for the completion of delivery when SK3 channel activity is in excess. Our data indicate that SK3 channels must be downregulated for the gravid uterus to generate labor contractions sufficient for delivery in both term and preterm mice.

PMID:
18305226
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2930016
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk