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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 May;93(5):1616-24. doi: 10.1210/jc.2007-2678. Epub 2008 Feb 26.

Primary acid-labile subunit deficiency due to recessive IGFALS mutations results in postnatal growth deficit associated with low circulating insulin growth factor (IGF)-I, IGF binding protein-3 levels, and hyperinsulinemia.

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  • 1Department of Endocrinology, Hospital Infantil Universitario Niño Jesús, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Erratum in

  • J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Jun;93(6):2426.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Up to 90% of circulating IGF-I and IGF-II are carried bound to either IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-3 or IGFBP-5 and the acid-labile subunit (ALS) in the form of tertiary complexes that extend their circulating half-life. Three cases of complete ALS deficiency have been recently reported in short-stature patients with very low circulating IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels who presented with homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the ALS encoding gene (IGFALS; 16p13.3), thus supporting a role for ALS in the regulation of the bioavailability of IGFs during postnatal growth.

OBJECTIVE:

We present the molecular and clinical characterization of two novel IGFALS mutations that caused complete ALS deficiency in three unrelated patients with postnatal growth deficit, low IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels, and no GH deficiency.

RESULTS:

IGFALS mutation screening identified a novel homozygous IGFALS missense mutation, which altered a conserved residue, N276S, in two of the probands. The third proband presented a novel homozygous nonsense mutation, Q320X, that is predicted to generate a severely truncated ALS protein. The affected probands presented a similar phenotype characterized by a moderate postnatal growth deficit associated with undetectable ALS, low IGF-I, IGF-II, and IGFBP-3, and hyperinsulinemia, and, in two cases, delayed puberty.

CONCLUSIONS:

Primary ALS deficiency due to IGFALS mutations should be considered as a possible cause of postnatal growth deficit in IGF-I-deficient patients in the absence of GH deficiency or insensitivity. Determination of serum ALS levels and basal insulinemia can be helpful in the differential diagnosis of patients with idiopathic IGF-I deficiency.

PMID:
18303074
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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