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Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008 Feb;121(2):411-23. doi: 10.1097/01.prs.0000298510.03226.5f.

Genetic markers of osteogenesis and angiogenesis are altered in processed lipoaspirate cells when cultured on three-dimensional scaffolds.

Author information

  • 1Plastic Surgery Research Laboratory, Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Department of Head and Neck Surgery and Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of California, CA 90095, USA. cahuang@mednet.ucla.edu



Liposuction-derived stem cells (processed lipoaspirate) have recently been shown to be capable of differentiating into bone. Most studies on osteoblastic growth and differentiation have been conducted in a conventional two-dimensional culture system; however, in native bone, osteoblasts are situated in a three-dimensional configuration. There have been limited studies of processed lipoaspirate behavior in three-dimensional systems. The authors studied the influence a three-dimensional scaffold has on the expression of genes related to osteogenesis and angiogenesis in processed lipoaspirate cells.


One million processed lipoaspirate cells were seeded onto two-dimensional poly(l-lactide-co-glycolide) films or in three-dimensional poly(l-lactide-co-glycolide) scaffolds and incubated in osteogenic medium up to 21 days. RNA was extracted and analyzed with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction.


When an inert three-dimensional poly(l-lactide-co-glycolide) scaffold was introduced, the pattern and sequence of gene expression changed significantly. Processed lipoaspirate cells cultured onto three-dimensional scaffolds had increased expression of interleukin-8 and vascular endothelial growth factor compared with two-dimensional controls at early time points. Osteogenesis markers-alkaline phosphatase, collagen type I, osteocalcin, osteonectin, and osteopontin-were significantly up-regulated in three-dimensional cultures relative to two-dimensional controls after 24 hours and persisted throughout the 21 days.


In human processed lipoaspirate cells, the introduction of a three-dimensional scaffold significantly enhances gene markers of angiogenesis and osteogenesis. On three-dimensional scaffolds, processed lipoaspirate cells first up-regulate genes involved with vascular ingrowth and then those involved in bone formation. We believe these differences will significantly impact the design of a bone graft substitute for clinical application.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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