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J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Feb;90 Suppl 1:25-30. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.G.01164.

Mechanotransduction and fracture repair.

Author information

  • 1Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, Boston University, 110 Cummington Street, Boston, MA 02215, USA. efmorgan@bu.edu

Abstract

Fracture-healing is regulated in part by mechanical factors. Study of the processes by which the mechanical environment of a fracture modulates healing can yield new strategies for the treatment of bone injuries. This article focuses on several key unanswered questions in the study of mechanotransduction and fracture repair. These questions concern identifying the mechanical stimuli that promote bone-healing, defining the mechanisms that are involved in this process, and examining the potential for cross-talk between investigations of mechanotransduction in bone-healing and in healing of other mesenchymally derived tissues. Several approaches to obtain accurate estimates of the mechanical stimuli present within a fracture callus are proposed, and our current understanding of the mechanotransduction processes involved in bone-healing is reviewed. Further study of mechanotransduction mechanisms is needed in order to identify those that are most critical and active during the various phases of fracture repair. A better understanding of the effect of mechanical factors on bone-healing will also benefit the study of healing, regeneration, and engineering of other skeletal tissues.

PMID:
18292353
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2464775
Free PMC Article

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