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Patient Educ Couns. 2008 May;71(2):204-14. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2008.01.002. Epub 2008 Mar 4.

Randomized study of different anti-stigma media.

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  • 1Chronic Disease Informatics Group, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.



We designed our study to assess if computer-assisted anti-stigma interventions can be effective in reducing the level of psychiatric stigma in a sample of special education university students.


We enrolled 193 graduate students. They had two study visits with an interval of 6 months. The participants were randomly distributed into three study groups: 76 students read anti-stigma printed materials (reading group, RG), and 69 studied an anti-stigma computer program (program group, PG), and 48 students were in a control group (CG) and received no intervention. We used the Bogardus scale of social distance (BSSD), the community attitudes toward the mentally ill (CAMI) questionnaire, and the psychiatric knowledge survey (PKS) as the main outcome measures.


After the intervention BSSD, CAMI and PKS scores significantly improved both in RG and PG. After 6 months in RG two out of three CAMI subscales and PKS scores were not different from the baseline. In PG all stigma and knowledge changes remained significant.


This study demonstrated that computers can be an effective mean in changing attitudes of students toward psychiatric patients.


A computer-mediated intervention has the potential for educating graduate students about mental disease and for reducing psychiatric stigma.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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