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Inflamm Res. 2008 Feb;57(2):57-64. doi: 10.1007/s00011-007-7101-7.

Glutamine decreases intestinal nuclear factor kappa B activity and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression after traumatic brain injury in rats.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Jinling Hospital, School of Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing, PR China. nju_neurosurgery@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate whether glutamine supplementation modulates intestinal nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) activity and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Right parietal cortical contusion in male rats was made by the weight-dropping method. After trauma, the rats were randomly given chow alone or glutamine mixed chow for 5 d. Gut samples were extracted at 5 d postinjury. We measured NF-kappaB binding activity by electrophoretic mobility shift assay; NF-kappaB subunits p50 and p65 expression by immunohistochemistry; the concentrations of interleukin-1beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; intestinal mucosal morphological changes by histopathological study and electron microscopy; and apoptosis by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling staining.

RESULTS:

Administration of glutamine following TBI could decrease NF-kappaB binding activity, NF-kappaB p65 protein expression and concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the gut. TBI-induced damage of gut structure was ameliorated after glutamine supplementation.

CONCLUSION:

The results of the present study suggest that the therapeutic benefit of post-TBI glutamine supplementation might be due to its inhibitory effects on intestinal NF-kappaB activation and pro-inflammatory cytokine expression.

PMID:
18288455
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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