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Clin Lymphoma Myeloma. 2007 Dec;8 Suppl 2:S50-6.

Strategies for improving outcomes with 14-day anthracycline-based regimens in patients with aggressive lymphomas.

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  • 1Department of Hematology, Hospices Civils de Lyon and Universit√© Lyon-I, Lyon, France.


Among the strategies developed to improve results in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, increasing the dose of CHOP (cyclophosphamide/doxorubicin/vincristine/prednisone) regimen (dose-intense regimen) and decreasing the duration of cycles (dose-dense regimen) or doing both had been proposed before the rituximab era. With granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support, both regimens are feasible without severe hematologic toxicities. Randomized studies have shown better results than with standard CHOP with longer survivals. However, the addition of rituximab to CHOP (R-CHOP) has also dramatically improved the results without increasing the toxicity. Whether the addition of density or intensity to R-CHOP will continue to improve the results are not known, and preliminary results might challenge this hypothesis. The future benefit for patients with adverse prognostic parameters might not come from dose-dense or dose-intense CHOP-like regimens but from the addition of another drug to R-CHOP.

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