Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ergonomics. 1991 Feb;34(2):221-32.

The effects of method of use, tool design, and roof height on trunk muscle activities during underground scaling bar use.

Author information

  • 1Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210.


Epidemiologic studies have shown that the scaling bar, a hand tool used in underground mining, is frequently associated with the risk of back injury. An experiment was performed to investigate the effects of method of tool use, mine roof height, and tool design upon the activity of six trunk muscles and the ability to exert force with the bar. Roof height and scaling bar design had the largest effects on levels of muscle activation. Striking force did not differ significantly between tool designs. A biomechanical model was used to evaluate the collective effects of the trunk musculature activities upon spine loading. It was found that a significant reduction in predicted spine compression and shear forces can be achieved through the use of a counterbalanced scaling bar. The implications of these results are discussed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk