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Langmuir. 2008 Mar 18;24(6):2274-6. doi: 10.1021/la7036907. Epub 2008 Feb 16.

Superlubricity using repulsive van der Waals forces.

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  • 1Division of Surface Chemistry, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.


Using colloid probe atomic force microscopy, we show that if repulsive van der Waals forces exist between two surfaces prior to their contact then friction is essentially precluded and supersliding is achieved. The friction measurements presented here are of the same order as the lowest ever recorded friction coefficients in liquid, though they are achieved by a completely different approach. A gold sphere attached to an AFM cantilever is forced to interact with a smooth Teflon surface (templated on mica). In cyclohexane, a repulsive van der Waals force is observed that diverges at short separations. The friction coefficient associated with this system is on the order of 0.0003. When the refractive index of the liquid is changed, the force can be tuned from repulsive to attractive and adhesive. The friction coefficient increases as the Hamaker constant becomes more positive and the divergent repulsive force, which prevents solid-solid contact, gets switched off.

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